Yep, the list of melanoma cures (in a petri dish - for the most part) is long and varied!!! The short list includes ~ coffee (multiple reports), tea, doxycycline, curcumin and curry (many reports), cimetadine, NSAID's, shiitake mushrooms, exercise, red wine, strawberry juice, snake venom, sephora root, glycoalkaloids (found in eggplants, potatoes, and tomatoes), dill and parsley extracts, wild olive leaves, emu oil, oyster extract, Brazilian lima beans, lichen, sandalwood, beta blockers, and vitamin D (there may actually be something to this one!!) ~ to name a few!!! Here are links to the data: Everything Cures Melanoma: Installment #6
But, there is still more!
Although relatively rare, melanoma accounts for 2 % of cancer diagnoses globally and accounts for about 1 % of all cancer deaths. Worldwide, the annual incidence of melanoma is 272,000 cases which vary hugely, ranging from Japan where it is incredibly infrequent, to Queensland, Australia, where it is nearly 100 times higher. Based on epidemiology and laboratory studies, there is compelling evidence suggesting that seaweed might be protective against different types of cancers such as breast cancer in seaweed consuming populations. By comparing countries where melanoma is more common with countries where it is infrequent, it is possible to construct a hypothesis for how consuming brown seaweeds which may hold clues to the differences in melanoma susceptibility between Japanese and Western nations. Unlike in these other countries, where melanoma incidence has increased dramatically over the last two decades, in Japan, rates have remained remarkably low and stable. There is limited evidence from clinical studies and animal models that have used whole seaweed or isolated fractions from seaweed and measured changes in biomarkers. They have demonstrated the effectiveness of seaweed at inhibiting melanoma development and progression. In this review, the various results will be described. Although there are several effective fractions, it is proposed that consuming whole seaweeds may hold additional benefits that could be lost by consuming only a single extract.
Cardanol monoene (CM) is the major phenolic component extracted from cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL), which has been relevant to wide range of biological effects. In this study, we found that CM could inhibit the M14 human melanoma cells proliferation in a dose dependent and time dependent manner, and the IC50 values were determined to be 23.15 ± 2.42 μM and 12.30 ± 1.67 μM after 24 h and 48 h treatment, respectively. The ﬂow cytometric analysis demonstrated that CM induced M14 cell cycle arrest at S phase, along with the collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in cells but the apoptotic cells reduced when treated with Z-VAD-FMK (pan-caspase inhibitor). Western blotting showed that the expressions of p53, cytochrome C, caspase-3 and PARP were up-regulated, the expression level of Bax/Bcl-2 ratio increased signiﬁcantly. The 2527 significant differentially expressed genes were obtained by RNA-seq, which were assigned to 270 KEGG pathways. These results indicated that CM induced M14 cells apoptosis via the ROS triggered mitochondrial-associated pathways, which supports the potential application of CM for the therapy of melanoma cancer.
Young leaves of reed (Phragmites communis) suppress melanogenesis and oxidative stress in B16F10 melanoma cells. Sim, Ham, Lee. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017 Jun 16.
This study investigated the effects young leaves of reed (Phragmites communis) water extract (YLR) on melanogenesis and oxidative stress using B16F10 cells. YLR decreased the intracellular melanin content, protein expression and enzyme activity of tyrosinase in a dose-dependent manner. YLR significantly decreased the gene and protein expression of melanogeneis-related proteins, such as microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), and tyrosinase-related protein-1 and -2. In addition, YLR up-regulated the melanogenesis inhibitory proteins, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and protein kinase B (AKT), while it dose-dependently down-regulated p38 and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB). Moreover, YLR significantly reduced H2O2-induced reactive oxygen species levels in B16F10 cells and showed antioxidant activity based on DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging activity and SOD-like activity. These results suggest that YLR have anti-melanogensis properties that function through regulation of the CREB/MITF/tyrosinase pathway in B16F10 cells and antioxidant activity. Overall, these findings indicate that YLR has the potential for use in treatment of skin disorders and skin-whitening.