Melanoma big dogs compile results of patients on dabrafenib and trametinib:
Factors predictive of response, disease progression, and overall survival after dabrafenib and trametinib combination treatment: a pooled analysis of individual patient data from randomised trials. Long, Grob, Nathan, Ribas,..., Flaherty, et al. Lancet Oncol. 2016 Nov 15.
We did a retrospective individual data analysis based on all published randomized trials that included treatment-naive patients with BRAFV600E-mutant or BRAFV600K-mutant metastatic melanoma who received the approved dose of dabrafenib 150 mg twice daily plus trametinib 2 mg once daily. Data were pooled from patients in the BRF113220 (part C; March 26, 2010, to Jan 15, 2015), COMBI-d (May 4, 2012, to Jan 12, 2015), and COMBI-v (June 4, 2012, to March 13, 2015) randomized trials. Patients with untreated brain metastases were not permitted to enroll in these trials. Baseline factors, identified a priori based on known melanoma clinical or prognostic characteristics, were analyzed for association with progression-free survival and overall survival using univariate and multivariate analyses and assessed for hierarchical effect on outcomes using regression tree analyses. We also analyzed factors identified after baseline, on treatment, and at progression, for associations with survival after progression. The trials included in this analysis are registered with ClinicalTrials.gov: BRF113220, number NCT01072175; COMBI-d, number NCT01584648; COMBI-v, number NCT01597908.
617 patients were included in this analysis with a median follow-up of 20 months (range 0-48); 396 patients had progression events (ie, disease progression or death) and 290 patients had died. Median progression-free survival (11·1 months), median overall survival (25·6 months), 1-year progression-free survival (48%) and overall survival (74%), and 2-year progression-free survival (30%) and overall survival (53%) were consistent with those in the individual trials. Patients with normal lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) concentration and fewer than three organ sites containing metastases (n=237) had the longest 1-year progression-free survival (68%) and overall survival (90%) and 2-year progression-free survival (46%) and overall survival (75%), whereas patients with LDH concentration at least two times the upper limit of normal (n=70) had the shortest 1-year progression-free survival (8%) and overall survival (40%) and 2-year progression-free survival (2%) and overall survival (7%). Of patients with disease progression (n=379), survival after progression was longest in those with progression in baseline or new non-CNS lesions (n=205; median 10·0 months) and shortest in those with new CNS lesions or concurrent progression in baseline and new lesions (n=171; median 4 months). Several patient and clinical characteristics at and after baseline are associated with outcomes with dabrafenib plus trametinib, and durable benefit is possible with targeted treatment in defined patient subsets.
Not surprisingly, folks with a low LDH and less than 3 organs involved had the best results. Additionally, when folks did progress, those that did best in that case simply had increase in their baseline lesions or developed lesions NOT in the brain.
Now....let's make things better!!! - c